Friday, August 28, 2015
Suicide terrorists are rational actors
Robert Pape an American political scientist had studied all known suicide attacks from 1980 till 2003 and has concluded “what nearly all suicide terrorist attacks have in common is a specific secular and strategic goal: to compel modern democracies to withdraw military forces from territory that the terrorist consider to be their home land.”(1)
In view of Martha Crenshaw, “there is an emerging consensus that suicide attacks are instrumental in or strategic from perspective of a sponsoring organization” (.2). She is also of the view that these terrorists serve the political interest of non state actors, challenging well armed states; their methods are simple yet tactically efficient.
In the concluding remarks of his lecture on assumption regarding state of mind of terrorists, professor Edwin says, “we have to explore the idea that terrorists are creating, and although many people find it difficult to understand the behavior of terrorists in particular that of suicide terrorists, academic research has shown that terrorists are, clinically speaking, normal’’.
Extreme feelings of hatred and anger close downs the rational faculties of mind, the information which I had received from intelligence sources confirms that children abducted by terrorist organizations from different parts of Pakistan are being trained as suicide bombers and to infuse a cause in their minds are kept aloof from in high mountains of Waziristan and Afghanistan and are being indoctrinated. Heads of terrorist organizations and other members of the organization are mostly rational actors but suicide bombers as perpetrators are often full of hatred and anger and rational faculties of their minds are overwhelmed by feelings of hate and anger due to indoctrination of their minds.
How can a child abducted, indoctrinated, kept aloof from society in high mountains and being trained to carry out suicide attacks along with other children getting training in the camp can be considered as normal human being and not fanatic. Indoctrination process deprives the children trained as suicide bombers to think and act in normal fashion. I had observed a young suicide bomber hardly fourteen years of age making animal like noises from his mouth and making strange faces and moves of his body to express his hatred and create fear in passers bye while walking in street, while getting near me he had started running fast and had bend himself down to escape my approaching hand towards him.
According to doctor Qureishi trainers of suicide bombers do sell them to politicians at the price of fifty thousand rupees per head, politicians utilize them to take revenge from their rival politicians. Some of the sources are of the view that suicide bombers at the time of suicide attack are intoxicated beings; some intoxicating drugs are injected in them by their operators.
What Martha and Robert has said is true in a sense that organizations utilizing suicide bombers are headed by rational beings but the suicide bombers as perpetrators are either indoctrinated and full of hatred and anger beings with closed rational faculties, or are highly intoxicated and out of their senses people. So the assumption that terrorists are rational actors is partially true and shall be tested more with empirical data available here in Pakistan and Afghanistan. For collection of data deradicalization centre established in Swat by Pakistan Army can be a good source in this respect.
(1) Robert Pape, ”Dying to win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism”, New York: Random House, 2005, p. 4.
(2) Martha Crenshaw, “Explaining Suicide Terrorism: A Review Essay”, Security Studies, Vol. 16. No. 1, January 2007, p. 141
MPhil US Study (International Relation-History)
Cell phone # 00923339607378
Saturday, August 22, 2015
On April 19, 1995, a truck-bomb explosion outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, left 168 people dead and hundreds more injured. The blast was set off by anti-government militant Timothy McVeigh, who in 2001 was executed for his crimes. His co-conspirator Terry Nichols received life in prison. Until September 11, 2001, the Oklahoma City bombing was the worst terrorist attack to take place on U.S. soil.*
Oklohoma City Bombing incident of April 1995 was an outcome of a violent doctrine and was a violent reaction to certain happenings, so 1st element of definition given by Professor Alex is applicable here in toto. Below paragraph highlights that both offenders were of right wing group.
A massive hunt for the bombing suspects ensued, and on April 21 an eyewitness description led authorities to charge Timothy McVeigh (1968-2001), a former U.S. Army soldier, in the case. As it turned out, McVeigh was already in jail, having been stopped a little more than an hour after the bombing for a traffic violation and then arrested for unlawfully carrying a handgun. Shortly before he was scheduled to be released from jail, he was identified as a prime suspect in the bombing and charged. That same day, Terry Nichols (1955-), an associate of McVeigh’s, surrendered in Herington, Kansas. Both men were found to be members of a radical right-wing survivalist group based in Michigan.*
My own view regarding the definition of terrorism is that genetic inheritance of offshoots of dictators and their supporters, off and on results in the activities which creates fear at small or large scale. Centuries ago Machiavelli had advised his prince to spread fear to gain respect in his subjects, subsequent implementation of his philosophy had created coded message in the genes of generations of dictators and their supporters and the message has been implemented in letter and spirit since centuries in different forms and manifestations. Gradually this coded message in genes will fade away and the world will become more terror free place, in free and developed world lead by USA where democracy prevails, fading away process of this coded violent message in genes is being accelerated.
Professor Huntington’s theory regarding clash of civilizations in my view originally emanates from genetic inheritance left by Monarchs in many parts of the world. Causes behind the existing conflict in different regions in the world and its outcomes of terror related happenings have more to do with genetic inheritance then another apparent causes like ideological differences etc. Quest for dominance also seems to be basic motivation behind each act of terrorism. Write wing and left wing extremists they do fight for dominance in one way or the other, at the end of cold war left wing terror groups are not so active, with advent of Al-Qaida and other religious extremist groups are a present challenge to world peace.
Another result of the Cold War’s end was that McVeigh shifted his ideology from a hatred of foreign communist governments to a suspicion of the U.S. federal government, especially as its new leader Bill Clinton (1946-), elected in 1992, had successfully campaigned for the presidency on a platform of gun control.*
First element of Professor Alex’s definition of terrorism do apply on Oklohama City Bombings perpetrators and it was a violent action outcome of violent right wing doctrine.
PS: This essay was written as part of my online course submissions.
Wednesday, August 12, 2015
For him to be a father of a baby girl was quite a worrying experience, her beauty was cause of great delight and of concern for him, and she was pretty and intelligent too, to keep her away from bad eyes, he had started spending more time with her. His wife was astonished to see that he is madly in love with his newly born daughter, even while preparing lectures for his students in an evening law college; he used to keep his baby girl lying beside him on a bed near his study chair.
The article written by Madam Hillary Clinton regarding secure brain growth of newly born babies was his soul guide, he never allowed any one to pick his daughter Urooj until she became two years old, to ensure her mental growth. He was doing this in a society where uncles and aunts and even grandparents pick and sometimes move the babies up and down, causing jerks to the newly born.
The article written by Madam Hillary Clinton was based on latest research and to practice that was a clear violation of traditional ways of handling newly born babies in his society, due to his diplomatic skills he was succeeded to keep her secure from love jerks which a newly born babies are exposed to by their elders and other near ones. He had convinced everybody not to pick her in traditional jerky fashion till she reaches to two years of her age.
The consequence of his brave effort resulted in Urooj's growth as brilliant student, winning all the medals and awards in her school from nursery class till all further grades. Her beauty and intellect is still sources of great delight and pride for him. His baby girl Urooj is now student of premedical classes in her college, and after five years she will be a doctor like cousin of her maternal grandma Dr. Lala Rukh, both have great resemblance too.
Morale : Always transform your knowledge into action.
PS: This story is written as part of my writing course with Common Wealth Trust.
Monday, August 10, 2015
Early in the evening of 17th February 1889 I was standing alone in the lawn of Combined Military Hospital of Kohat, inside its maternity ward was my only wife Sabahat along with her mother, nurses and a female doctor. I was about to become a father for first time in my life, was feeling excited and bit tense too, because, was unable to see what is going on with her inside there. In our culture husbands are not allowed to be with their wives at such occasions. Suddenly my mother in law came out to the lawn to tell me that delivery will take some time and I am not allowed to stay here for the night so I may go back home. I suddenly became very tense, I was in no mood to leave my wife alone in such a difficult situation, while looking at my tense face my mother in law told me Major Doctor Ameena Shah will take care of her, the moment I heard the doctor’s name from her mouth I was relaxed, in fact Major Doctor Ameena Shah was my class fellow in Kohat Convent School and was a brilliant student. I have realized that my wife is in safe hands so I came back home, and had a very sound sleep, at 4: am in the morning of 18th of February I was informed that I have become a father of baby girl and both mother and child are in good health, my class fellow Major Doctor probably Brigadier now had proved her brilliance Urooj was born under her supervision.
Earlier this year when I had got admission in Kohat Convent School for my son Faraz Raziq, while sitting inside the adminstrators office I have realized that there is a big change in the school. In our times Mother Helen was principal, she was Italian, Father Joseph there was also Italian, Sister Raphael was from Great Britain and Madam Sheila was also British national, but for Faraz almost all the teaching staff is local, only principal is from Sri Lanka, new blocks are being erected there on basement and in play ground, where we used to play, the most abhorrent change to my mind is separation of boys from girls, now in Kohat Convent separate classes for boys and girls are there. I had finalized his admission there, with the feelings that when Faraz will become a father his wife might not be having any she Doctor class fellow of him to supervise her in maternity ward.
Tuesday, August 4, 2015
Once upon a time when I was just three years old my Mom a government girls school teacher at that time had decided to get admission for me in a school for boys near her school for her own convenience. At my first day in school I had passed all the tests taken by my one and only male school teacher wearing Qaraqul cap on his head with Shalwar Qameez and Peshawari Chapal, later in the day while sitting on Matt with my other class fellows for no Obvious reason I had received a kick from my teacher at my back while he was passing near me. I suddenly stood up had given bad look to the butcher/teacher, had picked my school bag and had walked out from the school building to reach my mom whom was teaching in near bye girls school. I had succeeded to reach her and had also succeeded to communicate to her about jealous attitude of the teacher. She was also very angry after knowing this and have decided to get admission for me in nursery class of Christian Convent. That was her best decision because my one and only teacher in Kohat Convent school's nursery class was Madam Sheila an Irish blonde, she was very kind and nice to me and had treated me like her own son during one year of my nursery class. Now that I am grown big and can understand too many aspects of life feel pity for that so called teacher of government school whom had mistreated me, he might be a psychopath or serial child killer only God knows what was his end, but my timely decision at age of three had saved me from further sufferings from his hands and kicking legs.
Morale of the story
Always leave the bad people on pavement and opt for good ones.
Thursday, July 30, 2015
To be a father of a baby girl is quite a heart warming experience, at the birth day of my eldest daughter Urooj I was feeling like a most kind and humble man, all stiffness and harshness in me was evaporated soon after her birth. She was just ten days old when my wife asked me to take the charge of Urooj at that time I was reading a book while laying in my bed, I said to her ok bring her here, she had laid her on my chest which is 47 inches broad and can be a closer place for my daughter near my heart. Urooj was laying on my chest with her head towards my belly and legs towards my face, when her mother had brought cup of tea for me, I kept the book aside and had taken hot cup of tea from her, when I had moved the cup of tea towards my lips on its way it became a sudden target of Urooj's kick thus the hot tea was spread all over my chest, I suddenly placed her on bed and had changed my clothes after taking shower, was feeling slight itching on skin of my chest which gradually went down. During all this period I have realized that I was amused by her kick on a cup of tea, I was not expecting this from a ten days old baby girl of mine, after this kicking the cup of tea incident I used to let her lay on my chest with her legs towards my belly to avoid further kicks from her, and while having cup of tea in this situation always used to guarantee her feeder of milk in her hands, so she drinks milk from feeder while I was having cup of tea while she is laying on my chest near to my heart.
Morale of the Story: Always feed your baby while having cup of tea, while the baby is laying at your chest to avoid kicks from the baby.
M.Phil US Study (International Relation-History)
Cell phone # 00923339607378
PS: This short story has been written as part of my writing course assignment while keeping the fact in view that my FB friend Rehan Allahwala has recently became father of a lovely baby girl.
Monday, July 13, 2015
South Asia rich in natural resources and having geo-strategic importance of vital nature was focus of colonial powers of Europe and adventurers of central Asia since centuries. From Alexander to British rulers is a long history of foreign invasions on subcontinent, In brief subcontinent was focus of world powers since long, French, Portugees, Arabs, Italians, Turks, Mughals of central Asia and Iranians all have left their imprints on subcontinent. Recent Soviet invasion of Afghanistan has also caused profound impact on people of subcontinent from Kabul till Ras Kumari.
British colonial era had brought people of subcontinent into modern age of scientific development and towards introduction to modern methods of self rule. In fact era of enlightenment in sub continent was started with arrival of British colonial rulers here.
After the departure of British colonial rulers in post second world war era, due to prevailing communal hatred and intolerant attitude of Mr. Nehru and Patel as stated by Maulana Abu Alkalam Azad in last twenty pages of his book' India wins freedom' printed after demise of Madam Indra Gandhi, Muslims of subcontinent were left with no other option but to start their struggle for achievement of independent home land. Thus Pakistan came into being on 14th of August 1947.
Afghanistan was an independent entity even during British rule of subcontinent, interestingly long borders between India, Pakistan and Afghanistan have become major and natural hurdle in way of their complete separation, so all these three countries of subcontinent are engaged in border disputes, Red cliff award separating Pakistan from India has left the issue of Kashmir as bone of contention between both, Durand Line between Afghanistan and Pakistan is not acceptable boundary line for Afghans.
So far communal hatred is a force separating India and Pakistan geographically as two independent entities, Afghanistan a predominantly Muslim country is gradually moving towards integration with Pakistan. Among one of major hurdles in the way of peace in subcontinent are weapon sellers sitting in Kremlin, Beijing and Washington, so far three major wars between India and Pakistan are fought along with numerous limited wars.
USA has started enhancing its influence in subcontinent after departure of British rulers, infrastructure build during British era had linked the subcontinent through rail roads, roads and bridges it has helped US multi national companies to extend their trade here, in remote village areas where no clean drinking water is available beverages made in USA can be seen there available in almost every shop. After Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and nine eleven attacks in USA, US and Russian made weapons are also common in each house hold here along with peanut butter made in USA.
Now seventh Nuclear power Pakistan being former colony of Great Britain and currently member of Common Wealth and most allied ally of USA in war on terror, is facing frequent border attacks from Indian Army, Indian voters after electing a PhD in economics from Oxford Mr. Manmohan Singh have opted for Mr. Moodi as their Prime Minister, statements given by him so far reflects that he wants disintegration of seventh nuclear power Pakistan and is funding separatist forces here. It seems that his concept regarding nuclear deterrence is not very clear. In simple words due to overaggressive attitude of Mr. Moodi we are at a brink of nuclear war here.
Attractions of subcontinent in terms of its rich cultural heritage, variety of climates, high and lofty mountains and fertile plains, its geostrategic importance and natural resources are in need of change of attitude of Indian aggressive leadership, for survival now.
M. Phil US Study (International Relations-History)
Cell phone # 00923339607378